Collapsing Probabilities in GMAT Probability: Part Deux

Collapsing Probabilities: Part Deux for Part Un, Click Here

This one I’m only doing with the “Collapsing Probabilities” technique. You’re welcome to do it by making your choice first, then multiplying by the number of potential choices. It’s just that I won’t. You can e-mail me if you need your hand held.

GMAT probability

Here’s the question:

Company X employs 400 people and Company Y employs 300 people. Twenty-five people in Company X have spouses who are employed by Company Y. What is the Probability that, if we select a person from Company X and a person from Company Y, we will select a couple who are married to each other?

This doesn’t look too bad. If we’re limiting our group to the people from Company X who have spouses within Company Y, we find our Probability for the first selection to be:

25/400

Working from this standpoint, let’s imagine that Jane works for Company X and her spouse, Lydia, works for Company Y. What’s the appropriate question to ask here?

Let’s step back for a moment. This isn’t some key party taking place in a conversation pit in 1970s suburbia. If we select a married person from Company X, it stands to reason we’re selecting the spouse from Company Y. Like one single person Y corresponding to one single person X, yes?

That’s the practical meaning of “collapsing Probability.”

In essence, that makes the question clearer: What is the Probability that we select Lydia from Company Y? That presents…

1/300

Given this, we can see that our ultimate Probability is:

(25/400)*(1/300) = (1/16)*(1/300) = 1/4800

Got it? Good.

Luckily, this is the last major technique we’ll see in our discussion of GMAT Probability. What next? Why example problems, of course.

It’s always important to look at specific example problems to see how to tackle more complex ideas in a live setting. That’s what the focus of the next few blog posts will be…

Still struggling with GMAT Probability?

Remember that GMAT Probability doesn’t have to be difficult–they just want to make you think it is. It’s only a few hours of practice and then these GMAT Probability questions will be free points.

Check out the GMAT PROBABILITY RESOURCE PAGE here.

Interested in learning more about GMAT Tutoring Online or in London?

Contact Rowan here.

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